Toothache: Clean the area of the affected tooth. Rinse thoroughly with warm water or use dental floss to remove food particles in the area. Contact your child’s dentist if the pain persists.
Avoid putting aspirin or heat on the gums or aching tooth. Use cold compresses to reduce facial swelling and contact your dentist immediately.
Cut or Bitten Tongue, Lip, or Cheek: Apply ice to injured areas to help minimize swelling. Apply firm but gentle pressure with a gauze or cloth to treat bleeding. If simple pressure does not control the bleeding, call a doctor or visit the hospital emergency room.
Knocked Out Permanent Tooth: If you can find the tooth, hold it only by the crown, not the root. Rinse the tooth with water only, NOT soap. Be gentle with the tooth. DO NOT scrub or handle it unnecessarily.
Check the tooth for fractures. If the tooth is okay, try to reinsert it in the socket. Have the patient bite on gauze to hold the tooth in place.
If the tooth cannot be reinserted, place it in a cup with the patient’s saliva or milk, NOT water. If the patient is old enough, the tooth may also be held in place inside the cheek. The patient must see a dentist IMMEDIATELY! Time is a critical factor.
Knocked Out Baby Tooth: Contact your dentist. Unlike a permanent tooth, the baby tooth should not be replanted because there may be damage to the developing permanent tooth. Usually, no treatment is necessary.
Chipped/Fractured Permanent Tooth: Time is critical. Contact your dentist immediately to lessen the risk of infection or the possibility of extensive future dental treatment. Rinse the mouth and apply a cold compress to minimize any swelling. If it is possible to find the broken tooth piece, bring it with you to the dentist.
Chipped/Fractured Baby Tooth: Call your dentist.
Severe Blow to the Head: Call 911 immediately or go to the nearest hospital emergency room.
Possible Broken or Fractured Jaw: Keep the jaw stable and take your child to the nearest emergency room.
Read more about how to prevent dental emergencies during recreational activities and sports in the resource section on mouth guards.